Organic stains come from nature. These include fruit and their juices, wines, grass, urine, etc. Molecular Modification is the act of adding or taking away an unwanted element so that it is no longer visible or no longer the same element. There is a great need in our industry for spotters that make difficult stains invisible. Oxidizers make organic dyes like red wine invisible.
1. Identifying the source: work with the customer to identify how the stain came about.
2. Extract from the carpet: remove as much of staining material that is not bonded from the fiber. This extraction process also serves to rinse out residues of other spotters that may have been used.
3. Follow the extraction with numerous dry strokes: we do not want much water left in the fiber to dilute the strength of the spotter.
4. For Polyester carpet: This extraction step will generally be the only step necessary to remove the staining material. Additional steps may be required if the stains penetrated into the foundation or pad level of the carpet.
5. For nylon carpet: the first step would be to apply a hydrogen peroxide-based spotter and give 10 to 15 minute dwell time. Light agitation is only necessary to help spread the peroxide so that it is in contact with all of the staining material.
6. Extract again: Follow up with another extraction and several dry strokes to see the results of the application.
7. Repeat as necessary.
8. Sometimes both organic and synthetic dyes are used: Keep in mind that in some cases synthetic dyes may be added for additional color. In this case, after thorough extraction, apply a reducing based spotter and give 10 to 15 minute dwell time. Instead of dwell time, you can also heat activate the spot to speed up the process.
9. Thoroughly rinse as the final step.
Wool carpet demands special attention, experience, and patience as the strength of the peroxide needs to be below 3%.